Greek Translation Services

Whether you are looking for a Greek translation for something technical, legal or medical, or simply a letter, we can help you.

We will equip you with knowledge and methods, enabling you to communicate in the correct written Greek form, whether you are targeting an audience in Greece or Cyprus, we can help. Remember not to pick the wrong one!

We offer a professional Greek to English and English to Greek language translation service, and more. Here is some information which you will find useful as the Greek language is full of interesting facts and essential tips when you are looking to communicate effectively in Greek speaking countries.

Location: Southern Europe
Population: 11 million
Language Family: Hellenic, Indo-European
Related Languages: No currently spoken languages
Number of Global Speakers: Over 13 million native speakers in Greece, Cyprus and diaspora communities around the world.

About Greece

Greek is spoken mainly in Cyprus and Greece as the official language and there are many communities all over the world where Greek is also spoken, including the US, the UK, Egypt, South Africa, Brazil, France, Belgium and Argentina. There are also countries in which Greek is recognised as a minority language and these include Albania, Turkey, Italy, Armenia and Ukraine.

About Greek

As one of the most defining languages historically alongside Latin, Greek is part of the Indo-European language family but unlike other languages, there are no other languages related to it. Use of the Greek language can be divided into six different main time periods:

Mycenaen Greek 16
Dating from 15th century BC.

Ancient Greek
Recognised throughout the Roman Empire and used until the Middle Ages in Western Europe. However, Ancient Greek continued to be used by the Byzantine Empire.

Koine Greek
This was the first common Greek dialect originating from Athens and was spoken from Egypt all the way to India. During the Roman Empire, it became the second language to Latin.

Medieval Greek
This form of Greek was a literary form used by the Byzantine Empire up until its demise in the 15 century.

Modern Greek
Modern Greek developed from Koine Greek and its first beginnings were in the 11th Century.

Greek has three genders masculine, feminine and neuter and five cases (nominative, genitive, dative, accusative and vocative). Adjectives in Greek agree in gender, number and case with the noun. Similarly, the definite and indefinite article agree with the noun that they modify and are inflected for gender and case. Verbs in Greek are conjugated with different endings according to person, number and tense.

The Greek alphabet has existed since 9 BC and consists of 24 characters but it lacks many sounds that would normally be used in the English language. There are also 2 consonants which have no equivalent in English: x and ɣ and certain vowels are represented differently:

i = η,ι,ει,οι and υι
e = ει and αι
o = ο and ω

These differences can cause a lot of problems for Greek speakers pronouncing English and words like ‘fish and ‘shop’ can be problematic for them due to these differences in alphabet and pronunciation.

Greek script is known as Linear B and was deciphered in 1953. The script which preceded Linear B, known as Linear A has never been deciphered. In the written word, diacritics (acute, grave and circumflex) serve as a guide to the reader to denote stress on certain vowels or breaths.

Influence of Greek on the English Language

Over 10% of English vocabulary is from Greek origin and there is no doubt of the large number of English words that have their roots in the Greek language. Here are a couple of some of the more easily recognisable ones:

ALPHABET from alpha & beta the first two letters of the Greek alphabet

ATHLETE from athlein ‘to contest for a prize’

METROPOLIS from ‘meter’ meaning ‘mother’ & ‘polis’ meaning ‘city’

MICRO– from ‘mikros’ meaning ‘small’

-PHOBIA from ‘phobos’ meaning ‘fear’

This is only a tiny example of how influential Greek has been over the English language but it gives a feel for its importance. How many more other words do you know in English whose roots are in Greek?

Differences between Greek and English

The first obvious difference between Greek and English is of course the alphabet and the differences in way letters are pronounced in both languages can cause problems for basic speakers communicating in either of the two languages. Furthermore, certain sounds in English are non-existent in Greek such as ‘ch’ in ‘church’, ‘sh’ in ship and ‘I’ in ‘hit’.

In terms of punctuation, Greek uses a semi-colon as a question mark. This is quite an important for any learner of the language to be aware of. Greek sentences are much longer than English which tends to be a much more concise language. In order to deal with such lengthy sentences, Greek uses commas much more frequently than English to cope with these longer sentences.

Other differences between the two languages include the lack of an indefinite article in Greek, so for example instead of saying ‘a’, ‘one’ is used e.g. ‘I saw one fox’. When talking about an abstract noun, the direct article will be used, unlike English. For example, ‘I went for a run in the nature.’

In Greek it is common to use Mr/Mrs with the first name which of course is not done in English, so for a Greek person it would not be uncommon to say Mr Brad.

Just as Greek has influenced the English language, so too has English influenced Greek as a result of:

-Migration to English speaking countries post WWII

-Influence of tourism and expats visiting/living in the country.

-Education (English is taught in Greek primary schools from the age of 9 for 2 -4 hours a week

-Media (cinema, television and music)

-Technology

The Greek language represents a rich history, culture and global influence over other languages. The fact that so many words in so many other languages are influenced in some way or another by Greek reinforces its position as the precursor to modern language.

Why choose Lingua Translations?

Our Greek translators are all native speakers working in-country, with at least 5 years’ professional experience, degree qualified and specialists in a range of fields. Our quality assurance procedures for Greek translation are the strictest in the industry. We are proud of our standards. As linguists providing language services, we fully understand the needs of our clients and can provide you with the perfect Greek translator for your document!

Our Greek translators are all native speakers working in-country, with at least 5 years’ professional experience, degree qualified and specialists in a range of fields. Our quality assurance procedures for Greek translation are the strictest in the industry. We are proud of our standards. As linguists providing language services, we fully understand the needs of our clients and can provide you with the perfect Greek translator for your document!

TUI TRAVEL GROUP

Ian Chapman – Director of Holiday Experience –

“Lingua Translations provides instant multi-lingual options for TUI’s 24/7 Holidayline, so 24 hours a day, 365 days of the year TUI’s customers are connected to an interpreter instantaneously. This service is designed to help holidaymakers who find themselves in difficulty and require non-English language assistance.

The service offered by Lingua Translations provides us with instant translation for every destination we travel to, and has proved invaluable.”

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